When getting health care services, patients can be exposed to a variety microbes like bacteria and viruses from other patients, health care personnel, visitors, or from contaminated surfaces in the medical office or facility. So to improve and maximize patient safety and reduce the risk of health care–associated infections, medical office cleaning St. Petersburg FL together with aggressive hand hygiene program is needed.
The Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP) states that the common types of HAIs include:
- Bloodstream infections
- Surgical site infections
- Clostridium difficile
- Catheter-associated urinary tract infections
Health care–associated infections (HAIs) are often caused by bacteria and other pathogens that are prevalent in a healthcare environment. Here are the common ones among patients in medical facilities:
The Norovirus is the most common cause of gastroenteritis. The patient experiences diarrhea, vomiting, and a long-lasting feeling of an upset stomach. The virus can survive outside a human host for a long time, and some studies even found the virus persisting for weeks on hard surfaces and months in still water.
- Staphylococcus aureus and MRSA
S. aureus is a normal part of the skin flora, but the bacteria can be fatal in healthcare settings. It can cause sepsis, pneumonia, endocarditis or osteomyelitis. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have developed severe antimicrobial resistance making it difficult to treat. The bacteria are spread through direct contact, usually through an open wound or contaminated hands.
- Mycobacterium abscessus
M. abscessus infect the skin or soft tissue under the skin, and it also can cause lung infections in people with chronic lung diseases. It exists in soil, dust, or water, and it is commonly transmitted by infected medications and medical equipment.
- Clostridium difficile
C. diff causes inflammation of the colon or pseudomembranous colitis. The bacteria manifest as a disease-causing organism when antibiotics eliminate good bacteria from the intestine along with the bad, allowing C. diff to multiply. The bacteria are transmitted via the fecal-oral route, most commonly being transferred from an infection site to another patient by a healthcare provider’s hands.
- Escherichia coli
The O157:H7 strain of E. coli is the leading cause of urinary tract infections in hospitals, but can also cause gastroenteritis, pneumonia or even neonatal meningitis. This strain also causes severe diarrhea leading to renal damage and other serious complications including death.
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